The Detroit URC: fostering health equity through 
community-based participatory research (CBPR)
for more than 20 years

Research Strategies to Prevent and Alleviate Poverty in Michigan

Download App InfoPoverty Solutions at the University of Michigan and the Detroit URC provide a joint funding opportunity for collaborations between academic researchers at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Dearborn and Flint campuses, and community-based partners throughout the State of Michigan. The grants support research projects focused on evaluating and strengthening interventions, programs, and policies that seek to prevent and alleviate poverty in the State of Michigan. Funding is available to undertake research that is collaboratively developed by community and academic partners. A faculty member from any U-M campus must serve as a Principal Investigator. Partnerships with faculty across multiple campuses are encouraged. 

Overview

Poverty Solutions and the Detroit URC are working in partnership to support collaborative research in the state of Michigan that:

  • enhances knowledge of the efficacy of interventions, programs and policies for preventing and alleviating poverty;
  • equitably involves community and academic partners in all aspects of the research process;
  • Poverty Solutions Webpagerecognizes the strengths that each brings to the partnership;
  • promotes co-learning and capacity building of all partners; and
  • benefits community and academic partners.

Projects support activities designed to prevent and alleviate poverty such as:

  • an evaluation of an existing intervention, program or policy;
  • an analysis of new or existing data to better understand the effectiveness of, or to strengthen, strategies (e.g., interventions, programs and policies);
  • the development, implementation and preliminary evaluation of a new pilot program or an adaptation of an existing program; and
  • an assessment of community needs, strengths, and resources that leads to the identification of new strategies. 

Click on the headings below to view more information about past grantees, funding opportunities, and publications.

Funding Opportunity Information

Download the RFP here

Terms of Funding and Eligibility Criteria for 2020

The following terms apply:

  1. Applicant teams are those addressing poverty in Michigan communities and include at least one U-M academic researcher and one community partner. Academic partners can be research professors, research scientists, or tenure track faculty. Community partners can represent nonprofit community-based organizations, government agencies, federally qualified health centers, and health and human services agencies.

  2. Grants will begin January 1, 2020. Grants will end December 31, 2020. A midway progress report is due no later than July 15, 2020. A final report is due no later than January 31, 2021.

  3. All team members are required to attend a one-day grantees meeting on January 30, 2020. Facilitated by a community-academic team from the Detroit URC, the meeting will address the development, implementation, and evaluation of collaborative research partnerships, and will provide opportunities for team presentations and working sessions. As an alternate date in case of snow, please hold February 6, 2020 as a back-up date for the grantees meeting.

  4. During the second quarter of the grant period, all team members will attend a second one-day grantees meeting in July of 2020. Facilitated by a community-academic team, the meeting will address data interpretation and dissemination within the context of collaborative research partnerships, and will include team presentations, feedback, and working sessions.

  5. In February of 2021, teams will attend a final, half-day session to report results, share accomplishments and lessons learned, and obtain feedback from peer teams of community-academic researchers.

  6. Project teams are strongly encouraged to publish and disseminate results in the peer-reviewed literature and more broadly. Recognizing that different partnerships will be at different stages of development, teams are expected to share either a published product or a plan and timeline for publishing products at the February 2021 session. Published products may include: 1) a paper submitted to the Poverty Solutions Working Paper Series, 2) a presentation of results at a conference or academic forum, 3) a grant proposal for continued funding related to the original project, or 4) a peer-reviewed publication. Research teams are also strongly encouraged to disseminate results through policy briefs, community meetings, town hall meetings, fact sheets and local media outlets.

Selection Criteria for 2020

Applications are evaluated by academic and community partners affiliated with the Detroit URC and Poverty Solutions who have expertise in collaborative research and poverty prevention and alleviation. The selection criteria used to review the proposals include:

  • the degree to which the study builds knowledge that informs the understanding of interventions, programs, or policies that seek to prevent or alleviate poverty;
  • the quality of the research design, including appropriate research methodologies;
  • the feasibility of the proposed study to be completed during the funding period;
  • relevance of the project to the local community; and
  • extent and feasibility of community and academic partner involvement.

Additional Criteria

While not a requirement, preference is given to applications that meet the above criteria and one or two additional criteria:

  • incorporation of U-M students into the project; and/or
  • inclusion of multi-campus research teams.

Application InstructionsDownload the RFP here

Applicants should submit their proposal via email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Proposals must be received by 12:00 Noon Eastern Standard Time on Thursday, November 7, 2019. Submit proposals as a single PDF file that includes the following elements in the order listed below:

  1. A cover sheet with:
    1. The title of the proposed research project;
    2. Researcher and community partner names and organizational affiliations to include mailing addresses, email addresses, phone, and fax numbers;
    3. Name of the university and lead corresponding principal investigator (PI), who will be treated as the primary point of contact; and
    4. Contact information for a grant manager or financial administrator from the PI’s department.

  2. A one-page, double-spaced abstract describing the project’s specific aims, data and methods, and relevance of the project to informing strategies to prevent and alleviate poverty. Explicitly connect research to future intervention or program implications.

  3. A project narrative of no more than seven (7) double-spaced pages (excluding figures and references). The narrative should include sections that:
    1. describe the specific aims of the study (1 page),
    2. briefly summarize the relevant literature (1 page),
    3. present major hypotheses or research questions (½ page),
    4. describe research/intervention design, proposed methodology and data sources (2 pages),
    5. describe extent of community involvement in identifying the focus and approach (½ page),
    6. explain the role of community partners throughout the research process (½ page),
    7. indicate how the proposed project will build knowledge about the efficacy of interventions, programs and/or policies that seek to address poverty (1 page), and
    8. describe how community and academic partners will disseminate results in peer-review literature and more broadly (½ page).

  4. Considering frequency, location and structure of collaborative work and partnership, include a one-page, double-spaced description of:
    1. the experience and expertise that both community and academic partners bring to the project,
    2. any prior history the partners have collaborating on research projects, and
    3. evidence of the feasibility to accomplish the proposed aims.

  5. An itemized budget and a budget narrative that explains each line item, with a minimum of 25% of funds designated for community partner organization(s). The department of the primary university investigator will serve as the fiduciary. Please detail each funding item requested. Appropriate research expenses include:
    1. Personnel (e.g., community and academic investigators, staff, student research assistants)
    2. Consultants (e.g., stipends for community partner organization(s))
    3. Project-related travel
    4. Hosting (e.g., for community meetings/steering committee meetings)
    5. Supplies, copying, printing

  6. A project timeline listing specific milestones for study completion. The timeline must be within the period from January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2020.

  7. Curriculum vitae for all academic researchers. Biographies or resumes for all community partners.

  8. A letter of support/commitment from a U-M department, specifically accepting administrative responsibility for managing the grant.

  9. A letter of support/commitment from each community partner organization, which specifies the interest and commitment to engage in the collaborative research project.

  10. Human subjects review approval (often a waiver for secondary data analysis) is required for all projects before funding is dispersed.

 

Timeline of Important Dates

Deadline for Receipt of Proposals

November 7, 2019 at NOON

Notification of Award

December 9, 2019

Project Start Date

January 1, 2020

First Grantees Meeting

January 30, 2020

Second Grantees Meeting

July, 2020

Mid-Way Progress Report Due

July 17, 2020

Project End Date

December 31, 2020
Final Report Due

January 31, 2021

Third Grantees Meeting

February, 2021



Please contact Carol Gray (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) or Damien Siwik (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) with any questions.

Round 1 Grantee Team Descriptions: 2017

Barrier Busting in the HOPE Village Neighborhood Network

Sometimes small barriers, solvable with relatively minor amounts of funding, present major obstacles for those living in poverty. For many Detroit residents, these barriers prevent them from making progress toward their goals of economic self-sufficiency.

Through a partnership between the Ross School of Business and Focus: HOPE, a nonprofit civil and human rights organization based in Detroit, this project team will introduce and evaluate a “Barrier Buster” pilot program that provides small grants to address these challenges. This new barrier buster approach is intended to promote economic self-sufficiency among low-income Detroit residents, and has the potential to inform future programming in the region and across the country.

Michael Gordon, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of Business Administration
Noel Tichy, Professor of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management.
Debbie Fisher, Director, Focus: HOPE
Stephanie Moore, Youth Education Program Director, Focus: HOPE
Julie Phenis, Operations Manager, Focus: HOPE

Helping a House Remain a Home

Each year, non-payment of property taxes causes thousands of Detroit residents to lose their homes to tax foreclosure. Detroit’s exceptionally high tax rate disproportionately burdens low-income residents, threatening their ability to maintain homeownership and attain long-term financial stability. Michigan law (MCL 211.7u) requires local governing bodies to make a Poverty Tax Exemption (PTE) available for homeowners in poverty who own and occupy their property. By reducing or eliminating property taxes for low-income homeowners, this policy works to alleviate poverty by decreasing household tax burden and preventing the devastating financial consequences of property tax foreclosure.

While approximately 12,000 homeowners living in poverty qualify for the PTE, the policy remains underutilized by residents in need. In partnership with the United Community Housing Coalition (UCHC), the Healthy Environments Partnership (HEP), a long-standing community-based participatory research partnership, and the U-M School of Public Health Department of Health Behavior and Health Education (HBHE), this project will evaluate the effectiveness of the policy and study potential factors that may hinder or facilitate its access. Findings will inform best practices across local governing bodies to strengthen this policy’s ability to alleviate poverty in Detroit and statewide.

Roshanak Mehdipanah, Assistant Professor, HBHE, U-M Public Health
Alexa Eisenberg, Doctoral Candidate, HBHE, U-M Public Health
Ted Phillips, Director, UCHC
Michele Oberholtzer, Tax Foreclosure Prevention Project Coordinator, UCHC

Improving Health and Strengthening Communities 

Health and poverty are inextricably linked. Health problems interfere with work and education, and poverty exacerbates health problems, producing a cycle of negative influence that maintains both poverty and ill-health. An effective approach to improve health is through community health workers (CHWs), recruited from and working in their home neighborhoods. Such positions also provide jobs within those same neighborhoods, lower costs for health care and insurance providers, improve health outcomes for community members, and increase economic attainment along multiple dimensions, in a positive cycle that works against poverty.

This project will develop a new model for employing community health workers to serve the Detroit Cody-Rouge neighborhood. It will involve a unique partnership between investigators from U-M’s Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation (IHPI), the Detroit Health Department, Joy-Southfield Community Development Corporation, Inc., and five Detroit Medicaid health plans. This unique model has the potential to be the largest infusion of CHWs into a community from an allied network of health care providers and to significantly improve the physical and economic well-being of residents in Detroit.

Michele Heisler, U-M IHPI
David J. Law, Executive Director of Joy-Southfield Community Development Corporation, Inc. (JSCDC)
Abdul El-Sayed, Executive Director and Health Officer, Detroit Health Department

Preserving Low-Income Housing in Detroit

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program is the nation's largest source of financing for building or rehabilitating affordable housing. The sale of the credits provides equity to help finance the production of decent affordable housing for low-income renters who are in or near poverty, many of whom are elderly or disabled or have experienced chronic homelessness. But once projects reach 15 years of operation, investors sell their ownership, often leaving affordable housing projects in need of new sources of capital to provide much needed maintenance. In Detroit, more than 5,300 units will reach 15 years between now and 2020, so finding solutions to restructuring financing and management is an urgent need.

For more than a year, U-M researchers have teamed with a Detroit LIHTC task force to analyze the financing and ownership to preserve decent affordable housing after this critical timeframe. Through this partnership, researchers will determine strategies that can help address the looming crisis. Analysis of solutions is integrated into all parts of the research, and the work will produce recommendations with partners who can implement these through their roles in the affordable housing industry.

Margaret Dewar, Professor, U-M Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Lan Deng, Associate Professor, U-M Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Sarida Scott, Executive Director, Community Development Advocates of Detroit
LaToya Morgan, Policy Director, Community Development Advocates of Detroit
Julie Schneider, Detroit Department of Housing and Revitalization
Tahirih Ziegler, Detroit Local Initiatives Support Corporation
Victor Alba, Detroit Local Initiatives Support Corporation
Dennis Quinn, Cinnaire
Yulonda Byrd, Cinnaire
Tim Thorland, Southwest Housing Solutions
Kirby Burkholder, IFF

Round 2 Grantee Team Descriptions: 2018

Overcoming the chilling effect: Identifying strategies for improving immigrant families’ acceptability and accessibility to health and social services that alleviate poverty

Clinicians have worried about the “chilling effect” the recent immigration enforcement and anti-immigrant rhetoric might have on undocumented patients seeking health care. As a federally qualified health Center (FQHC) in Southwest Detroit, Community Health and Social Service Center (CHASS) and other FQHCs nationwide play an important role for undocumented immigrants because they are required to offer primary care services at a sliding-scale fee to uninsured and underinsured patients.  Additionally, FQHCs such as CHASS provide on-site connections to other social services such as Women, Infants & Children (WIC), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), mental health counselors, and social workers, making them a critical community asset.

The leadership team at CHASS is seeking ways to ensure local undocumented immigrants and their families can feel safe and welcomed to receiving and accessing health and social services at their clinic.  In partnership with the Department of Health Behavior & Health Education at the University of Michigan (UM) School of Public Health, this research team will explore the effects of increased immigration enforcement on health care, and identify promising strategies for how Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) might modify their services or outreach efforts to overcome barriers to care for undocumented immigrants and their families.

Paul J. Fleming, Dept. of Health Behavior & Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health
William D. Lopez, Dept. of Health Behavior & Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, National Center for Institutional Development
Richard Bryce, Community Health and Social Services Center (CHASS)

Partnership for Economic Independence

How can digital tools facilitate mentorship for an inclusive population? The Eastside Community Network and the University of Michigan School of Information will answer this question through an evaluation of the Lower Eastside Economic Mobility (LEEM) program’s impact on low-income participants’ psychosocial wellbeing and the perceived effectiveness of the program toward increasing employment and economic self-sufficiency. 

This project will assign mentors to participants from three Detroit ZIP codes; assess the impact of the program on participating community members’ hope, self-efficacy, self-sufficiency, social support, and perceptions of their economic and psychosocial development; and explore opportunities for digital tools to support these programs in the future. Broadly, the results of this project will lead to a more refined approach to mentorship programs that support economic mobility.

Tawanna Dillahunt, University of Michigan School of Information
Donna Givens, Eastside Community Network
Angela Brown Wilson, Eastside Community Network
Earnest Wheeler, University of Michigan School of Information

Breaking the Cycle: Refining the Trauma-Informed Clinical Ethnographic Narrative Intervention (CENITF)

In 2016, over 9,700 family households across Michigan, accounting for 24,766 people, entered an emergency shelter due to homelessness. The majority of these households were headed by a single female with one or two children under eleven years of age. Prior research has demonstrated that more than 90% of mothers who become homeless have significant histories of childhood trauma, as well as episodes of domestic violence and victimization that recur throughout their adult years.

A new project will expand upon an existing evidence-based intervention developed by a team from the University of Michigan School of Nursing and the Coalition on Temporary Shelter (COTS) in Detroit, which has been used with women to facilitate their disclosure and meaning-making of traumatic life experiences, and support help seeking activities.

This research team has worked closely with the Coalition on Temporary Shelter (COTS) in Detroit, an agency that provides emergency, transitional, and permanent supportive housing services to families, to better understand the life events and needs of their clients. This project will refine and adapt existing interventions for use with homeless women. The team will also partner with Community Health and Social Services (CHASS) and SOS Community Services to develop an on-site integrative care model that streamlines and sustains access to acceptable and affordable/covered trauma-informed health services for women from shelter to rehousing.

Laura E. Gultekin, University of Michigan School of Nursing                         
Barbara L. Brush, University of Michigan School of Nursing
Denise Saint Arnault, University of Michigan School of Nursing
Delphia Simmons, Coalition on Temporary Shelter
Richard Bryce, Community Health and Social Services Center (CHASS)
Sharon Lapides, SOS Community Services
Kathleen Durkin, University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry

Assessing the impact of intergenerational asset building programming on the self‐efficacy, academic achievement and college going culture of low‐income Black and Latino girls

In the fall of 2015, with modest funding primarily from individual donors, Alternatives for Girls successfully piloted a new "Asset Building" model to encourage middle school girls and their families to academically prepare for high school, career and college, and to save for future post‐secondary education and training expenses.Building on this existing work, the next phase of work will support up to 60 middle and high school girls and their families to prepare for success in school, career and college, and to save for future education costs by providing matching funds to all monies saved by families for college costs.

Moving forward, Alternatives For Girls is focusing on enhancing program robustness, further engaging parents, and strengthening linkages to other college access resources in Detroit. Dr. Trina Shanks, of the University of Michigan School of Social Work, will assist AFG in identifying and implementing interventions that can strengthen the existing program to achieve more asset building and poverty alleviation results.

The partnership is committed to serving these girls on a long‐term basis, and aims that each participant will save $1,000 to $4,000 toward her education by high school completion. Each girl will graduate from high school and enter a post‐secondary education/training program, and will complete a post‐secondary training program, or at least the first two years of college.

Trina Shanks, University of Michigan School of Social Work
Melody Moore, Alternatives for Girls

Round 3 Grantee Team Descriptions: 2019

Engaging low-income and minority communities in prioritizing community health benefits

There are a variety of competing health needs in communities, particularly in minority and low-income communities, which often have worse health outcomes than other communities. This project, a collaboration between the University of Michigan Medical School and Friends of Parkside, a non-profit on Detroit’s eastside, proposes a new approach to address health disparities by meaningfully engaging communities in decision-making to prioritize community health needs.

The literature shows that community engagement, improved health, and poverty reduction are all interconnected. This project will evaluate the use of a simulation exercise, CHAT (CHoosing All Together), to engage underserved, minority community members in setting priorities for community health benefit (CHB). Using CHAT, participants prioritize competing needs for limited resources. Specifically, this project will:
  • build on and strengthen existing academic-community partnerships with non-profit healthcare organizations (HCO) and community leaders in three geographic areas in Michigan;
  • with partners, engage community members in determining CHB priorities; and
  • assess the impact of community engagement on participants, on HCO decision-making, and on motivating community entities to improve community health.
CHAT has been used in multiple other research projects, including the largest one in scope called Deliberative Engagement of Communities in Decisions about Resources (DECIDERS). Through this project, a longstanding Steering Committee was established including public health and community leaders representing minority and underserved communities throughout the state of Michigan. This committee is committed to providing ongoing guidance, advice, and support for this new project focused on community health benefit.

Although the US health system is evolving to focus more on community health and social determinants of health, there is little incentive for healthcare organizations (HCOs) to have ongoing collaborations with communities in order to prioritize and address community needs or to improve health equity. Engaging underserved and minority communities in setting health priorities could influence decisions made by HCOs and other entities, encourage HCOs to prioritize work on community identified needs, and encourage HCOs to be more inclusive and transparent in their decision-making and required investments in their communities.

Susan Dorr Goold, U-M Medical School
Zachary Rowe, Friends of Parkside
Karen Calhoun, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research (MICHR)
Jen Skillicorn, Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine (CBSSM)
Maryn Lewallen, Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine (CBSSM)

Identifying the recipe for success: can a new cooking class program in a community health center increase participation in existing center programs and build core skills to decrease food insecurity among low-income patients?

Many area households do not have enough access to healthy, affordable food. This food insecurity is associated with poverty and numerous health problems in both children and adults. Evidence suggests that teaching cooking skills can help people better manage food insecurity by teaching them how to better reduce food waste, budget and plan meals, and cook healthy meals with inexpensive ingredients.

In this new research partnership between Community Health and Social Services Center, Inc. (CHASS), the University of Michigan Medical School and the Department of Health Management and Policy at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, team members will collaboratively develop and pilot a new cooking skills intervention. The project aims to:
  • understand financial barriers, skill deficits, and preferences associated with cooking meals at home among CHASS patients living in poverty;
  • develop a new cooking skills intervention to address food insecurity; and
  • implement and evaluate the pilot cooking skills intervention.
The findings of this study will help guide future CHASS programs and research, and the project itself may help pave the way for future collaborations with the University of Michigan in this important area of research.

Julia A. Wolfson, Dept. of Health Management and Policy, U-M School of Public Health
Caroline Richardson, Dept. of Family Medicine, U-M Medical School
Richard Bryce, Community Health and Social Services Center, Inc. (CHASS)
Denise Pike, Community Health and Social Services Center, Inc. (CHASS)

Michigan evictions: assessing data sources and exploring determinants

Each year, tens of thousands of Michigan households lose their homes as a result of court-ordered evictions, and Michigan cities have some of the highest eviction rates in the nation. The goal of this project is to analyze available data to better understand the prevalence, patterns, and causes of evictions in Michigan, and inform decisions by social services, legal services, and policymakers to address the problem, while also contributing to the growing national research literature on the topic.

This is a partnership between the University of Michigan Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan and the Michigan Advocacy Program. The project has three primary aims:
  • evaluate the quality of data obtained from the Eviction Lab and state and local court records by comparing them in three illustrative counties;
  • conduct an exploratory analysis of determinants of eviction statewide using Eviction Lab Data at the census block group level; and
  • provide recommendations for the further development of policies and programs to reduce evictions in Michigan, as well as recommendations for improved data collection and analysis.
This project is a step in reducing the number of evictions in Michigan because it will help improve the quality of existing eviction data, help explain patterns of evictions, and identify local policies and practices associated with lower rates of eviction.

Robert Goodspeed, U-M Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning
Margaret Dewar, U-M Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning University of Michigan
Elizabeth Benton, Michigan Advocacy Program

Providing opportunity, not punishment: implementing a pilot functional sentencing program in southeast Michigan

This project is grounded in the perspective that the criminal justice system is broken. Over-criminalization and reliance on retributive punishment have resulted in a system of oppression that entrenches poverty and harms those on the margins. By shifting the focus to healing, rather than punishment, the criminal justice system can simultaneously address the root causes of offending behavior and improve lives while enhancing public safety.

Street Democracy, a non-profit organization located in Detroit, Michigan, will implement a pilot Functional Sentencing program in Southeast Michigan. Street Democracy, founded in 2006, is comprised of a small group of attorneys and legal researchers whose mission is to reform the systems that create and perpetuate poverty in Detroit. In contrast to traditional sentencing, where the focus is on punitive mechanisms such as fines and fees, the Functional Sentencing program proposed by Street Democracy attempts to “help an individual permanently exit the criminal justice system by replacing fines and costs with targeted interventions (e.g. job placement and medical services) that address the root causes of an individual’s offense” (Street Democracy, 2018). In 2017, Street Democracy successfully launched an initial pilot of a similar Functional Sentencing program in the 31st District Court in Hamtramck, Michigan.

This new collaboration with University of Michigan-Dearborn will research and implement a more permanent, larger-scale version of this program in order to lay the foundation for expanding the availability of Functional Sentencing throughout Michigan, as well as improve methods of collecting data on clients who have gone through the process.

More broadly, this research project will contribute to understanding about problem-solving courts, identifying the factors that may be most effective in reducing recidivism, as well as help illustrate the ways in which alternative sentencing structures may contribute to improving trust in the judicial system.

Francine Banner, Sociology, UM-Dearborn, Sociology
Jayesh Patel, Street Democracy
Lara Rusch, Political Science, UM-Dearborn
Jessica Camp, Social Work, UM-Dearborn
Rachel Buzzeo, Behavioral Sciences, UM-Dearborn

Publications

Coming soon!

Contact Us

If you have any questions, please send an email to Detroit URC Center Manager, Carol Gray at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or Poverty Solutions Administrative Coordinator Damien Siwik at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Information on future funding opportunities will be shared online when available. Sign up for the Detroit URC quarterly newsletter for updates.

Related Links

Poverty Solutions Website

University launches nine new projects to fight poverty (The University Record, January 2019)

 

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The Detroit Community-Academic Urban Research Center
University of Michigan School of Public Health (U-M SPH)
1415 Washington Heights
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
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